Professor de Graduação e Pós Graduação da FDRP-USP.
The theme of epilepsy is little studied by scholars of Brazilian law. A quick internet search demonstrates an absolute lack of interest on the part of our jurists in the subject. This article intends, albeit in a small proportion, to narrow this gap. It is interesting to note that in the 19th and early 20th centuries, epilepsy was one of the most investigated disorders in forensic psychiatry and psychology. There was the figure of the "epileptic criminal", considered extremely violent and capable of committing brutal acts. The theory of this criminality was duly refuted in the 20th century. This presentation intends to explore this and other theories of epileptic criminality from a renewed vision of neurosciences.